How to trade forex for beginners

In this section of, you’ll go through the guide on how to trade forex for beginners and also discover what the main points to consider are. All the questions about financial leverage, pips and long position or short position will be explained.

You will also learn how to set a pending order in your trades and how they really work.

forex trading basics

Let’s begin with the first steps to start trading in Forex (foreign exchange trading) and CFDs that you must read if you are a beginner.

How to trade forex and CFDs for beginners

After explaining what forex and CFDs is (here:, let’s understand how to trade forex known also as currency trading.

To trade Forex you need to follow 4 important steps, mainly if you are a beginner:

  1. Have the right mindset
  2. Trade with the best and most legit trading platform
  3. Follow a good trading strategy
  4. Open your trades

1- The right mindset

By the right mindset, we mean to trade with the goal to make as many profits as possible, with the least possible losses. To achieve it there are two very important concepts in trading: diversification and risk management.

Why are they so important?

If you are a beginner, when you open an account with a certain amount of money, a good thing to do is to just use a small part of your currency to trade – normally the 5% to 10%. This is called risk management.

Following this strategy, you won’t risk everything, but you will manage the money you use in a more steady and safe way.

At the same time, managing your risk allows you to be satisfied with your profits too.

To make good profits you don’t need to risk a lot of money, but just to invest in the right market at the right time.

2- Choose the best trading platform

best trading platform

How to trade forex in the best platform?

This is probably the most important step to start your trading career.

When you need to create your forex account, there are many things to take into consideration.

The regulation is probably the most important point. To be sure you are not depositing your money with an illegal broker, always check if that broker is licensed by one or more trading authorities.

Another thing to take in consideration is the minimum deposit. This is normally $100 or even just $10 with some brokers.

The last important factors to consider are the spreads and commissions. 

Some brokers offer accounts with a small spread and zero commission to your trades, others have the opposite scenario. It’s always up to the trader to decide the best settings for themselves.

All the trading platforms listed below are of trustable and regulated brokers to create a free account with.

Trading PlatformRatingMinimum DepositDemo AccountStart Trading
plus500 $100 TRADE NOW *CFD Service. 80.6% lose money
Plus500 review
bdswiss $200 TRADE NOW *Your capital is at risk
BDSwiss review
iqoption $10 TRADE NOW *Your capital is at risk
IQ Option review
etoro $200 TRADE NOW *Your capital is at risk
EToro review

‘CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.’

3- How to trade forex with a good trading strategy

Investing in the right market at the right time brings us to the third important concept: have a good trading strategy.

How to trade forex with a good strategy?

There are many valid strategies a trader can follow in the foreign exchange trading, but the main ones are:

  • News Trading
  • Fundamental Analysis
  • Technical Analysis

How to trade forex with News Trading

News trading is the most common one for beginners and it consists of reading the economic news in the economic calendar and making trades based on that. (here an example of an economic calendar)

For example, if today at 14:00 hours there is important news about the American interest rates, it could be a good opportunity to trade in dollar-related markets such as EUR/USD or USD/JPY because in these markets there will be high volatility to take advantage of.

How to trade forex with the Fundamental Analysis

The fundamental analysis is the study of the macroeconomic situation of a certain market in order to predict how it will move in the future which is relatively important for beginners.

This kind of analysis takes into consideration different macroeconomic factors such as the national GDP, or the national industrial production that have a daily impact on the foreign exchange market.

Thanks to this analysis it’s possible to understand how these factors could change the market in the future.

(To learn more about what macroeconomic means see the page

How to trade forex with the Technical Analysis

Finally, the technical analysis consists of pure chart analysis. This is the most common second step for beginners to trade with.

If a chart is analyzed in different time frames, it’s possible to see whether the graphic might have repetitive trends.

For instance, if a graphic has tried to go higher than a certain level price several times to then be bounced, that level price is called resistance.

On the other side, a graphic could have tried to go below a certain price many times – which has then bounced up. That level is called support and it’s possible that the price will try to reach that level again.

For a more detailed explanation of all the trading strategies go to the trading strategies page.

4- How to trade forex and open a trades

Now that everything is set you are ready to go and open your trades.

How do I open a trade?

how to trade forex

The first thing you need to do is to select the market (asset) you want to trade. This can be a currency such as EUR/USD, or a commodity such as Gold. As we said in the foreign exchange trading everything is available.

Then you must decide if you want to buy or sell.

In this phase, also beginners usually trade with the support of the take profit and stop loss.

These represent the price level your investment will automatically close with- either in profit (take profit) or with what price the trade will be stopped (stop loss).

Finally, the last step consists of keeping under control the opened trades.

This is important because it’s possible to close them manually if they do not reach any take profit or stop loss prices. Usually, there is an “X” symbol to click on at the end of every opened position, clicking on this will close the trade.

What is a pip in forex?

When talking about how to trade forex there are 2 terms used by everybody. We are talking about Pips. (If you are a beginner this is very important to learn).

What is a pip in forex?

forex trading basics

A pip (percentage of a point) measures the smallest change in an asset price and it’s the Forex unit of measure.

Usually, in Forex the prices are represented by 4 units after the unity. These units are called pips.

For example, if the price of EUR/USD changes from 1,2201 to 1,2209, it has moved 8 pips.

The bigger the movement is, the more pips are involved.

Long Position and Short Position

When learning how to trade forex there are some important terms that every beginner should know.

The most common ones are short position and long position.

We have already mentioned that in trading there are just 2 different possible things to do: buy or sell.

Because of this, a buy position is called a long position. 

Whereas a sell position takes the name of a short position.

For example, if a position has been opened in a sell position, it’s because of a drop expectation in that asset’s price.

They are both two potentially profitable trades if the prediction will match with the trading strategy and the expectation also aligns.

Pending Orders

When trading a common question a lot of beginners ask themselves is:

Do I need to spend a whole day in front of my computer to open a position at that certain price?

The answer is: NO!

In every forex platform, there is the opportunity to use the so-called pending orders.

A pending order is a particular option which allows you to set up a trade which will be automatically opened once it reaches the set price.

Let’s make an example:

The price of oil is $60.00 at the moment, and we want to sell only when it reaches $61,00.

In this case we need to set up a pending order called sell limit. This will automatically sell oil just when the price meets $61,00.

If the price doesn’t reach $61,00 the order will never enter the market so you won’t risk anything.

pending orders forex

There are 4 different pending orders:

  • Buy limit: in this case it’s necessary to set up a lower price than the actual price. The expectation is that the price will drop down to the selected level to suddenly grow again.
  • Sell limit: in this case the goal is to sell at a higher price than the actual one to suddenly see the price drop down again.
  • Buy stop: the price keeps on growing after it passes a certain level higher than the actual one. It’s necessary to select a price higher than the actual one in the setup.
  • Sell stop: here the concept is to see the price keep falling once it’s gone lower than a certain level. In this last case it’s necessary to select a lower price than the actual one.
How to trade forex for beginners late update: 2018-04-06T15:10:55+00:00 by Luke Robinson